What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency?
When the body is not efficiently returning blood through the veins back to the heart this condition is called Venous Insufficiency. When it continues over a prolonged period of time it is called Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
Primary Causes of Chronic Venous Insufficiency
The primary causes of venous insufficiency are damaged vein valves and narrowed or blocked veins which impede the flow of blood returning to the heart; especially blood returning from the legs. When the veins in the legs are affected there are a range of symptoms that occur. Venous insufficiency is the the underlying cause of varicose veins; aching, tired, heavy legs; leg ulcers; leg and ankle swelling; inflammation and discoloration and a thickening and hardening of the skin.
The leg tissue, muscle, bone and skin are negatively impacted by the back flow and pooling of venous blood containing carbon dioxide and other metabolic wastes. Varicose veins are the most common and visible presentation of venous insufficiency. There are multiple treatment options depending upon the severity and location of the impairment. At University Surgical Vascular you will receive a complete evaluation of your vascular problems and a detailed explanation of your treatment options. We are leaders in the field of vascular treatment.
Facts About Chronic Venous Insufficiency
According to the Vascular Disease Foundation:
- More than 24 million Americans have varicose veins and 6 million have skin changes associated with Chronic Venous Insufficiency.
- Dangerous blood clots form in the leg veins of over 2.5 million Americans each year.
- 10-35% of adults have leg veins that do not work properly.
- Half a million Americans have ulcers on their legs caused by diseased veins.
- DVT occurs in approximately 1 in 20 people over their lifetime.
- Over 600,000 people are hospitalized for Chronic Venous Insufficiency and Deep Vein Thrombosis each year.
- DVT with its risk of Pulmonary Embolism may be the most preventable cause of death among hospital patients in the United States.
- Chronic Venous insufficiency can cause varicose veins, leg edema, leg pain, chronic skin changes and non-healing ulcers. These problems may make it difficult to sit or stand for extended periods.
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